Various Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

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prostate cancer
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Prostate cancer is a common condition among men. Unfortunately, it does not show early signs. Hence, in most cases, it is not possible to diagnose it in early stages. There are a number of treatment options available for prostate cancer, these days. The information below will help you to explore prostate cancer treatment that may be good for you for your condition.

There are a number of treatment options available including medications such as implants, pills, and injections. These options have given new hope for men. One of the major benefits of these treatments is decreasing male hormone levels sans the irreversible surgery.

There’s no one prostate cancer treatment right for all men. Hence, it is crucial to look through varied options available. The doctor will consider a number of factors before recommending one for you. Some of the common treatments include:

  • The size of tumor
  • Your age
  • The speed at which the tumor is likely to grow
  • Your overall health
  • Your personal preferences
  • The level of spread (stage of cancer)

Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

Active Surveillance

Also referred to as watchful waiting, doctors may suggest waiting to observe growth of tumor or spread prior to the treatment. In most cases, prostate cancer grows very slowly. Doctors think it is better not to treat it unless the tumor shows any changes or causes certain symptoms. In case of watchful waiting, the doctor will monitor the disease and its impact closely. Active surveillance also requires frequent tests to monitor the cancer.

Surgery

The doctor removes all or a part of the prostate to tackle the disease. The type of surgery depends on the size of the tumor and its location.

Radiation

The treatment make use of high-energy waves or certain particles to kill cancer cells. These also help in shrinking tumors. Some of the radiation is used for cancer cells only in prostate. Certain types are used when the cancer spreads to other parts of the body.

Proton Beam Radiation

This is a special type of radiation therapy that makes use of tiny particles aiming at attacking and killing cancer cells that have not spread to other parts of the body.

Chemotherapy

The treatment option include drugs administered through mouth or an IV. The medicine travels through the body and attacks and kills cancer cells. It also shrinks tumors. Doctors may get chemo when the disease spreads outside prostate. You can prefer therapy if hormone therapy doesn’t work.

Immunotherapy

The treatment works with immune system. It fights against the disease. Immunotherapy is used to treat prostate cancer at its advanced stage.

Bisphosphonate Therapy

Once the disease reaches to bones, drugs can ease pain. It also prevents fractures.

Hormone Therapy

In earlier days, hormone therapy was the only treatment for prostate cancer. This was conducted as an orchiectomy. The process involves removal of the testicles surgically.

Presently, there are a number of medications available for patients as implants, pills, and injections. These can provide you with the benefits of decreasing male hormone levels without irreversible surgery.

This therapy works by preventing the body from producing androgens or by blocking their effects. This drops the levels of hormone and slows down cancer growth of cancer. Testosterone and various other hormones work as nourishment for cancer cells. Taking them will send the cancer into shock and kills them.

In around 85 to 90 per cent of cases of advanced prostate cancer, hormone therapy is known to shrink the tumor.

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