Type 2 Diabetes Treatments, Complications, & Symptoms

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Today most of the people are suffering from type 2 diabetes. So in this article, we will explain to you the type 2 diabetes treatments. Many options like a healthy diet, regular exercise and medication help to control the blood sugar. Doctor give a medicine which is good for us during the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Many times medications stop working then you will have to switch the medications. Researchers and doctors are finding new ways to treat type 2 diabetes. Let’s discuss the type 2 diabetes treatment in detail which is explained below:

Type 2 Diabetes Treatments

There are many ways to control the type 2 diabetes like to do regular exercise, intake of healthy food, medications and monitoring the blood sugar levels which we will discuss one by one:

1. Monitoring Your Blood Sugar Levels

The glucose number of your blood tells how the treatment of type 2 diabetes is going on. Doctors suggest and give advise to us how many times in a day we need to check it. It totally depends on what diabetes medications you are taking. When you feel ill or sick try to check your ketones too.

2. Weight Loss Surgery

If you are suffering from type 2 diabetes and your BMI is greater than the 35. You may a candidate or person of the weight loss surgery. This kind of surgery helps to get rid of the extra pounds. These treatments help to control your blood sugar. It raises the level of hormones in your gut. These tell your pancreases to make more insulin. This surgery is not for everyone doctors suggest this surgery only for men who are at least 100 pounds overweight and women who are having 70 to 80 extra pounds. The drawbacks of the weight loss surgery are it is very costly and risky.

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3. Healthy Diet

We should pay attention to fibre, carbs, fat and salt which helps to manage our blood sugar and avoid the many complications of diabetes which may occur. Consumption of your food or how much you eat in a day is also important during type 2 diabetes treatments. Please take advice from your doctor which type of food you need to take during the treatment of type 2 diabetes. An exercise which helps to lower the blood sugar level also.

4. Regular Exercise

Physical activities which you do helps your cells to use the insulin and also helps your muscle to use the glucose. You must check your blood sugar before and after doing exercise. If you eat healthy food and do regular exercise these two things also helps to control your weight and also control your overall blood sugar control. When you do some activities such as running, walking etc. Regular weight lifting exercise also helps to keep your blood level steady.

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5. Pills

We know oral medications are the kind of medicines when you want to control your type 2 diabetes. Diet and exercise or any activities alone are not enough to keep their blood sugar in a healthy range. Most of the medications help to tell your pancreases to make more insulin and also helps insulin work better. These medications help to lower your insulin resistance from your cells so your pancreases don’t have to do more hard work. Some of the medications slow down the digestion of food with the complex carbohydrates like in bread, potato and rice etc. These keep to your blood sugar from shooting up after you eat this kind of foods. Cholesterol-lowering drugs also help to lower your blood sugar glucose. We can take these kinds of medicines or in the combinations of others like including insulin etc. I hope you understand and know very well the methods of type 2 diabetes treatments.

Sign Of Trouble In Type 2 Diabetes

So many factors may affect your blood sugar and sometimes many problems may occur which is given below:

High Blood Sugar

type 2 diabetes treatments
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Many things may cause your blood sugars to rise, including regular diet and sickness. Sign and normal symptoms of high blood sugar is dry mouth, frequent urination, blurred vision, dry mouth, nausea and you can also check your blood sugar if you want to check.

Low Blood Sugar

If your blood sugar level range is lower than the normal range is known as the low blood sugar. Our blood sugar levels may drop for many reasons like skipping the meal, getting more physical activities than normal. The symptoms for the low blood sugar is shakiness, hunger, weakness, headache and dizziness etc. If your blood sugar level drops try to consume those foods which can increase your blood sugar levels.

Increased Ketones In Your Urine

If your body cells are starved for the energy, the fat of our body may begin to break down. This activity produces toxic acids known as ketones which occur more in people who are suffering from type 1 diabetes. Frequent urination, dry mouth, shortness of breath, fatigue etc if you notice these symptoms in your body please consult to your doctor immediately.

Type 2 Diabetes In Children

Nowadays, type 2 diabetes is a major problem in children. The reasons for this are complex, but risk factors include:

  1. The birth weight is 9 pounds or more.
  2. A close family member who is having type 2 diabetes.
  3. BMI is greater than 85 percentile.
  4. Born to a mother who had diabetes while she was pregnant may cause type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes In Children Are:

  • Excessive hunger
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Darkened skin
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent infections

Complications With Type 2 Diabetes

  • Many skin problems may occur like such as bacterial infections and fungal infections.
  • Poor blood circulation to your feet which normally makes it hard for your fret to heel from the cut, burn or any infections and can lead to the gangrene and loos of the feet.
  • Retinal damage and eye damage may occur which may cause deteriorating vision and cataracts.
  • Kidney damage and failure may occur.
  • Nerve damage which can cause the loss of sensation, vomiting, nausea and diarrhoea.
  • Hearing impairment.
  • Cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke also occur.

Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis

Type 2 diabetes treatments can be diagnosis by using the following methods:

1. Random Blood Sugar Test

We know the values of blood sugar are expressed in the milligrams per decilitre. Regardless of when you ate last, the blood sample of your body showing that your blood sugar level is 200mg/dl.

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2. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

This kind of test is used very less expecting during the pregnancy. We need to fast overnight and drink the sugary liquid in the office of the doctor. The levels of blood sugar are tested periodically for the next 2 hours. The level of blood sugar is less than the 140mg/dl is normal. The indication or reading between the 140 to 199mg/dl indicates the prediabetes. A reading after 200mg/dl is higher after 2 hours indicates diabetes. So you need to do the type 2 diabetes treatments. Otherwise many problems may occur.

3. Glycated haemoglobin (A1C) test

This test helps to indicate your average blood sugar levels for the past 2 to 3 months. The normal level is 5.7% and a range between the 5.7 to 6.4 % is the indication of prediabetes. An A1C level is greater than the 6.5% that means you have diabetes.

4. Fasting Blood Sugar Test

A sample of the blood is taken after an overnight fast. Reading of the less than 100mg/dl is normal. The range between the 100 to 125 is the indication of prediabetes. If the range is higher than the 125mg/dl it means you have diabetes.

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